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英语写作提分的诀窍

来源:趣趣ABC少儿英语 时间:2019-05-28 17:18:19

   1、灵活改变句子开头

  在通常情况下,英语句子的排列方式为“主语+谓语+宾语”,即主语位于句子开头。但若根据情况适当改变句子的开头方式,比如使用倒状语或以状语开头等,会使文章增强表现力。

  · You can do it well only in this way.

  → Only in this way can you do it well.

  只有这样你才能把它做好。

  · A young woman sat by the window.

  → By the window sat a young woman.

  窗户边坐着一个年轻妇女。

  2、避免重复使用词语

  为了使表达更生动,更富表现力,同学们在写作时应尽量避免重复使用同一词语来表示同一意思,尤其是一些老生常谈的词语。如有的同学一看到“喜欢”二字,就会立刻想起like,事实上,英语中表示类似意思的词和短语很多,如 love, enjoy, prefer, appreciate, be fond of, care for等。

  · I like reading while my brother likes watching television.

  → I like reading while my brother enjoys watching television.

  我喜欢看书,而我的兄弟却喜欢看电视。

  3、合理使用省略句

  合理恰当地使用省略句,不仅可以使文章精练、简洁,而且会使文章更具文采和可读性。

  · He may be busy. If he’s busy, I’ll call later. If he is not busy, can I see him now?

  → He may be busy. If so, I’ll call later. If not, can I see him now?

  他可能很忙,要是这样,我以后再来拜访。要是不忙,我现在可以见他吗?

  · If the weather is fine, we’ll go. If it is not fine, we’ll not go.

  → If the weather is fine, we’ll go. If not, not.

  如果天气好,我们就去;如果天气不好,我们就不去了。

  · She could have applied for that job, but she didn’t do so.

  → She could have applied for that job, but she didn’t.

  她本可申请这份工作的,但她没有。

  4、运用非谓语结构

  非谓语结构通常被认为是一种高级结构,适当运用非谓语结构,会给人一种熟练驾驭语言的印象。

  · When he heard the news, they all jumped for joy.

  → Hearing the news, they all jumped for joy.

  听了这消息他们都高兴得跳了起来。

  · As I didn’t know her address, I wasn’t able to get in touch with her.

  → Not knowing her address, I wasn’t able to get in touch with her.

  由于不知道她的地址,我没法和她联系。

  5、结合使用长、短句

  在英语写作中,过多地使用长句或过多地使用短句都不好。正确的做法是,根据实际情况在文章中交替使用长句与短语,使文章显得错落有致,这样不仅使文章在形式上增加美感,而且使文章读起来铿锵有力。

  At noon we had a picnic lunch in the sunshine. Then we had a short rest. Then we began to play happily. We sang and danced. Some told stories. Some played chess.

  → At noon we had a picnic lunch in the sunshine. After a short rest, we had great fun singing and dancing, telling jokes and playing chess.

  中午我们晒着太阳吃野餐。休息一会儿后,我们唱的唱歌,跳的跳舞,还有的讲笑话、下棋,大家玩得很开心。

  6、使用短语代替单词

  · He has decided to be a teacher when he grows up.

  → He has made up his mind to be a teacher when he grows up.

  他已决定长大了当老师。

  · He doesn't like music.

  → He doesn't care much for music.

  他不大喜欢音乐。

  · He told me that the question was now under discussion.

  → He told me that the question was now being discussed.

  他告诉我问题现正正在讨论中。

  7、套用某些固定表达

  · He was very tired. He couldn’t walk any farther.

  → He was too tired to walk any farther.

  他太累了,不能再往前走了。

  · The film was very interesting. Both the teachers and the students liked it.

  → The film was so interesting that both the teachers and the students liked it.

  这电影很有趣,学生和老师都很喜欢。

  · Your son is old. He can look after himself now.

  → Your son is old enough to look after himself now.

  你的儿子已经长大,可以自己照顾自己了。

  8、使用地道英语

  · Don't worry. Be bold and try it, and you'll learn it soon.

  →Don't worry. Just go for it, and you'll get it soon.

  别担心,大胆试一试,你很快就会学会的。

  · Thank you for playing with us.

  →Thank you for sharing the time with us.

  谢谢你陪我玩。

  9、综合使用“高级”结构

  · We had to stand there to catch the offender.

  → What we had to do was (to) stand there, trying to catch the offender.

  我们所能做的只是站在那儿,设法抓住违章者。

  · If her pronunciation is not better than her teacher’s, it is at least as good as her teacher’s.

  → Her pronunciation is as good as, if not better than, her teacher’s.

  如果她的语音不比她的老师好的话,至少也不会比她老师的差。

  10、引用名言警句点缀

  在写作时根据实际情况恰当地用上一两句名言警句来点缀文章,不仅使文章显得有深度、有智慧,而且会让文章在评分中上一个“得分档次”。